You may have noticed that a few languages spoken on the european continent are not included in the indo-european family of languages finnish , hungarian and estonian belong to the uralic (also called finno-ugric) family, and basque (spoken in the pyrenees region) has no genetic relation to any other language. Latin and its indo-european language family but we can trace the history of latin and its related languages like a family genealogy nb, not all languages are represented here (eg. A language family is a set of languages deriving from a common ancestor or parent languages with a significant number of common features in phonology, morphology and syntax are said to belong to the same language family subdivisions of a language family are called branches english, along with most of the other major languages of europe, belongs to the indo-european language family. Approximate geographical distribution of the indo-european language family today in eurasia map of indo-euopean migrations a map indicating the possible routes of indo-european migrations. The indo-european family is so named because at one time its individual members were prevalent mainly in an area between and including india and europe, although not all languages spoken in this region were indo-european.
Indo-european language - the family of languages that by 1000 bc were spoken throughout europe and in parts of southwestern and southern asia indo-hittite , indo-european natural language , tongue - a human written or spoken language used by a community opposed to eg a computer language. The indo-european family of languages most languages in europe, the middle-east, and india appear to descend from a common ancestral language known to scholars as proto-indo-european, as set forth by william jones and his work with sanskrit. There are ten major branches to the indo-european family of languages: tocharian, indo-iranian, hellenic, armenian, balto-slavic, albanian, celtic, italic, germanic, and anatolian these branches also branch to other major languages, such as russian, polish, spanish, german, english and many more. Iranian languages constitute a branch of the indo-european language family they are spoken over a wide area of the middle east the languages are called iranian because the largest members of the branch have been spoken on the iranian plateau since ancient times.
Read in another language list of language families the following is a list of language families it also includes language isolates, unclassified languages and other types each bullet item is a known or suspected language family indo-european languages and semitic languages or afroasiatic languages: widely rejected. Also called: primitive indo-european, proto-indo-european the reconstructed hypothetical parent language of this family a member of the prehistoric people who spoke this language a descendant of this people or a native speaker of an indo-european language. 'indo-european' is the name given to the family of languages that first spread throughout europe and many part of south asia, and then, as a result of colonial expansion, spread to every corner of the globe. Membership of languages in the indo-european language family is determined by genealogical relationships, meaning that all members are presumed descendants of a common ancestor, proto-indo-european.
Indo-european, language, language tree, linguistic anthropology, linguistics to supplement last week’s discussion on language evolution , i stumbled upon an indo-european language tree posted on jonathan beaton’s blog. The indo-european language family: a definition today, nearly half of the population of the world speaks a language from the indo-european language family the indo-european language family has been expanding all across the globe for the last five thousand years. The indo-european languages are a widely distributed family of languages, all descended from a hypothetical and partially reconstructable ancestor, the proto-indo-european language [note 1] languages of this family, native to eurasia, were spoken in historical times from iceland to bengal and sri lanka.
When linguists talk about the historical relationship between languages, they use a tree metaphor an ancient source (say, indo-european) has various branches (eg, romance, germanic), which. The indo-european languages are a language family comprising approximately 350 languages with a native (precolonial) range spanning from ireland and the iberian peninsula to xinjiang in what is presently western china, with european colonialism subsequently spreading the family to its presently worldwide range. Indo-european is just one of the language families, or proto-languages, from which the world's modern languages are descended, and there are many other families including sino-tibetan, north caucasian, afro-asiatic, altaic, niger-congo, dravidian, uralic, amerindian, etc. The indo-european language family and the development of german the indo-european roots of most modern european languages comparative linguists have spent much time determining the genetic relations of the world’s languages and one of their major discoveries over the past few centuries is that almost all living european languages – with the exception of finnish, estonian, hungarian and.
Indo-european languages: indo-european languages, family of languages spoken in most of europe and areas of european settlement and in much of southwest and south asia the 10 main branches of the family are anatolian, indo-iranian, greek, italic, germanic, armenian, tocharian, celtic, balto-slavic, and albanian. By about 1000 ad, although people continued to speak indo-european languages all over europe and in iran and northern india, fewer people spoke indo-european languages in north africa and central asia, the original homeland. A look at the family tree of indo-european languages and the relationship of english to those related languages the closest relatives of english are highlighted, including the germanic languages, latin and greek. English is a part of the indo-european language family, which includes more than 400 languages and dialects like german, french, spanish, russian, polish, persian, hindi and ancient greek, and all of them are said to have evolved from a common ancestor.
Which languages are parts of the indo-european language family -chinese, french, russian -greek, english, italian -latin, japanese, german. The indo-european family of languages this chart shows the centum branch of languages in color you can click here to move on to the satem branch of languages you can also run your cursor over most of the languages below and click on them to see a map revealing where the modern language is spoken. The indo-european language family worldwide distribution of indo-european languages one proposed diffusion map (among many)-- this one is from the early history of the indo-european languages, by thomas v gamkrelidze and v v ivanov (scientific american, march 1990:110).